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Baron Broghill and his Castle

    The discovery of the Broghill castle and title led to extensive research on the family that owned them.  One article appears below:
     Boyle is Baoighill in modern Irish, the derivation of which is possibly from the old Irish word baigell, i.e. having profitable pledges. It is thus of course a true native Irish surname and O'Boyles were a strong sept in Co. Donegal with a regularly initiated chieftain seated at Cloghineely: they shared with the O'Donnells and the O'Doughertys the leadership of the north-west. Ballyweel, near Donegal town, is a phonetic rendering of Baile ui Bhaoighill (i.e. the home of the O'Boyles).   Nevertheless the best known Boyles connected with Ireland were men of English race. When Richard Boyle landed in Ireland in 1588 as a young man without influence, few could have anticipated that he would become what has been termed the 'first colonial millionaire.' He acquired the extensive property of the executed Sir Walter Raleigh in Co. Waterford. This formed the nucleus of the vast estates he was to bequeath to his numerous family on his death in 1643, by which time he was Earl of Cork. The best known of his sons (born in Ireland) were Roger Boyle (1621-1679) Earl of Orrery, and Robert Boyle (1627-1691), chemist and experimental physicist. Of the 15 Boyles listed in the Dictionary of National Biography, 14 belong to this Anglo-Irish family.

Boyle Coat-of-Arms

Padraig O' Mardin, Librarian for County Cork wrote:

     Roger Boyle, 3rd son of Richard Boyle, 1st Early of Cork, was born 1621 at Lismore Castle, Co. Waterford. On 28 Feb. 1627 he was created Baron Broghill 'in recognition of his father 's service (to the English Crown). The title derived from a manor called (Brohall, Broghil, Broell) owned by the Fitzgeralds and most recently by Redmond MacGerald of Brohall who was executed for high treason in the rebellion of the Earl of Desmond in the reign of Elizabeth. Boyle was created Lord Broghill by patent dated 3 July, 1644 (he later became Earl of Orrery).
     Broghill as a place name in Ireland appears to occur only in Co. Cork. the only townland of the name listed are the adjoining townlands of Broghill North (579 acres) and Broghill South (195 acres) both of which are in the Barony of Orrery and Kilmore, and in the parish of Ballyay in the north east of Co. Cork. Broghill (or Cregane) Castle derived its name, of course, for the old Desmond Manor. (April 29, 1968)

       Mr. O'Mardin was mistaken about the place name only appearing in County Cork as there were townlands by that name in both County Carlow and County Wicklow.
     Roger Boyle, "Roger the Wise," was a Member of Parliament for Cork and for Arundel and Edinburgh, Ireland (1656-1658). He was admitted as a freeman of Youghal, County Cork, as "Baron of Brohill." He lived near Rathogan, Charleville in County Cork, where he built Broghill Castle. The title "Lord Broghill" was still being used by one of his descendants as late as 1968. The Boyle genealogy has been published and the Broughills who settled in Colonial Virginia do not descend from the Boyle family.  The Parish Records of St. Mary's Abbott, Kensington, London carry an interesting entry. They show that Roger Broghill or Mary Boyle christened a son named Charles Broghill or Charles Boyle in 1674. Was he "Roger the Unwise?" Were the Boyle and Broghill names interchangeable?